Piper alpha presentation safety emergency incident free. Furthermore, macondo raises regulatory concerns for the us just as the 1988 piper alpha disaster. The 1988 piper alpha disaster remains one of the worst. Piper alpha that killed 167 workers in the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry disaster. Piper alpha was an oil production platform on north sea, approximately 110 miles from aberdeen, which was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia ltd. Piper alpha platform, north sea offshore technology oil. Aug 20, 20 the piper alpha disaster in 1988 shocked the world, and changed offshore safety management and legislation in the north sea beyond recognition. It was connected by an oil pipeline to flotta and by gas pipelines to two other installations.
It produced oil from 24 wells and in its early life it had also produced gas from two wells. The piper alpha incident is still regarded as the worst offshore oil disaster in the history of the uk. Piper 1 piper alpha case history the following information has been taken from the uk government publication the public inquiry into the piper alpha disaster the lord cullen report. Also, the probability of such an accident could be made arbitrarily small by controlling the level of detail in which the accident is described. Piper alpha est le nom dune ancienne plateforme petroliere situee en mer du nord pres du. There are other parallels that can be drawn from piper alpha, too, in management, cultural and technical failures that contributed to the loss of the oil rig and 167 lives. Both oil and gas was pumped from the two other platforms to piper alpha and subsequently pumped to. The piper alpha tragedy piper alpha was a large fixed structure platform located about 120 miles north east of aberdeen that was linked to two other platforms. Piper alpha was a large oil production platform in the north sea about 170 kilometers northeast of aberdeen. If piper alpha disaster occurs today most of the uk offshore legislation regime will apply. Pipe lift raft on its aunching platform efore h, init. According to rae, occidental pushed piper alphas systems to their maximum capacity from the outset.
Julian turner charts the safety improvements that have taken place in the 25 years since the worst accident in the history of the oil and gas industry. Lessons learnt, 2008 piper alpha was a large north sea oil platform that started production in 1976. It began production in 1976, but on july 6, 1988 it. The conference marked the anniversary of the piper alpha disaster, which lord cullen investigated on behalf of the government.
But on july 6, 1988, the entire structure became consumed by a devastating and deadly fire. Within seconds a major unstabilised crudeoil fire developed and all but the wellhead area and the lower parts of. The controversy around it was heightened when a report. Jul 04, 20 e ven 25 years on, charles haffeys most powerful memory of the piper alpha disaster was the overwhelming, deafening noise. About piper alpha 35 in 1976 platform started production of oil. Failure of process safety management on every level. Piper alpha presentation free download as powerpoint presentation. As shifts changed and the night crew aboard alpha piper assumed duties for the evening, one of the platforms two condensate pumps failed. Learning from the piper alpha accident the offshore platform piper alpha, which was lo cated in the british sector of the north sea oil field and operated by occidental petroleum, was engulfed in a catastrophic fire on july 6, 1988. It began production in 1976, initially as an oilonly platform but later converted to add gas production. I say this because almost all the current offshore regulatory regime is direct bequest of the piper alpha incident all the 106 recommendations of lord cullen is being implemented by offshore industry. Within seconds a major unstabilised crudeoil fire developed and all but the wellhead area and the lower parts of the platform were engulfed in smoke.
The piper alpha disaster in 1988 shocked the world, and changed offshore safety management and legislation in the north sea beyond recognition. In 1988, piper alpha was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia ltd opcal, a wholly. Jul 03, 2018 piper alpha served as the catalyst for this major change, hudson wrote 10 years after the accident. Accident investigation 4 introduction the incident covered in this study is piper alpha disaster which took place in 1988. Piper alpha timeline piper alpha was a large offshore rig based 100km off the coast of aberdeen. Therefore, most of the personnel could not make decision to evacuate when the incident happens lord caplen,1997. The crew worked to resolve the issue before platform production was affected. An explosion and resulting oil and gas fires destroyed piper alpha on 6 july 1988, killing 167. This is piper alpha spiral to disaster bbc by green world group on vimeo, the home for high quality videos and the people who love them. Jul 04, 20 the piper alpha disaster which killed 167 workers on 6 july 1988 off the coast of aberdeen is the worldsdeadliest ever oil rig accident. Importance learning from major incident piper alpha disaster. Download adobe acrobat or click here to download the pdf file. Pdf the british offshore oil industry after piper alpha. A pipeline network connected the piper alpha to the tartan and claymore production platforms, to the mcp01 gas pumping station, and to the flotta oil terminal on the orkney isles.
It was caused by a massive fire, which was not the result of an unpredictable act of god but of an accumulation of errors and questionable decisions. It appears your web browser is not configured to display pdf files. Aug 01, 20 lecture by brian appleton technical adviser to the enquiry on piper alpha accident. See how a series of splitsecond decisions and tragic twists of fate will determine who survives historys deadliest offshore accident. On july 6, 1988, in the piper oilfield, north sea, the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry disaster took place. The 106 recommendations made in his landmark 1990 report reshaped offshore safety culture.
Pdf it has now been well over 20 years since the north sea piper alpha disaster in. Lord cullen at the safety 30 piper alpha conference at aecc in june 2018. Piper alpha the house of lords landmark decision gard. As part of its macondo investigation, the csb held a public hearing in december 2010 on the international use of. Hudson also saw in piper alpha the need for safety to become a cultural, rather than management imperative. A massive explosion 120 miles out to sea ignites a fight for survival for 226 men. An explosion on the piper alpha platform occurred in july 1988. In 1988, piper alpha endured a gas leak with the subsequent fire and explosion reducing her to a wreck, ending up on the bottom of the north sea. Piper alpha was an oil production platform in the north sea operated by occidental petroleum caledonia limited. Bbc nine oclock news piper alpha 7th july 1988 part one duration.
Just a sample of presentation format for piper alpha disaster cause which may help u in preparation for something like this in the future. May 25, 2014 importance learning from major incident piper alpha disaster 1 comment i t is vital that lessons are learned from all major incidents, as management, cultural and technical failure i. Piper alpha proved spectacularly productive and when the operator, occidental, sought permission to increase rates, permission was granted on condition that gas should also be exported instead of being flared. The incident that changed the whole industry piper alphawas anorth sea oil platform operated by occidental petroleumwhich began production in 1976 as an oil platform which later was converted to gas production an explosion and the resulting fires destroyed the entire platform on 6 th of july 1988, killing 167 workers the total insured loss of the platform. It was connected by an oil pipeline to flotta and by. Part of the problem of trying to examine this event is its complexity.
British sector north sea oil field 120 miles aberdeen scotland 4 5. A mix of maintenance issues caused management to shift to an alternate mode that was rarely used and which put a higher level of stress 650 psi. It began exporting oil from the piper oilield discovered. The accident that occurred on board the offshore platform piper alpha in july 1988 killed 167 people and cost billions of dollars in property damage.
Bibliography building process safety culture tool kit. The specific series of events that turned a simple process safety incident into a disaster began with a decision to change the mode of production on the platform. What caused the giant piper alpha oil rig explosion. Incident introduction late in the evening of 06 july 1988, a series of explosions ripped through the piper alpha platform in the north sea. Piper alpha re ceived and sent to the shore the oil and gas production of a group of platforms. At the time of the piper alpha incident the workforce lived in a world where cuttingedge technology was a fax machine, so the first that those working offshore knew of the incident was through newspapers. Learning from the piper alpha accident semantic scholar. Piper alpha continued to export just under 120,000 barrels of oil. Piper alpha have served to demonstrate flaws in safety systems and procedures. It was last inspected two weeks ago but last week there was a small fire on the rig. The piper alpha platform is the largest and oldest platform in the north sea oilfield. The accident killed 165 out of 226 crew members and two crew members from the standby vessel sandhaven.
The piper alpha disaster of 6th july 1988 resulted in the deaths of 167 men, injuries to 62 survivors and the total destruction of the oil platform by a series of explosions and fires. So other platforms continued production and pumping of gas for sometime which supplied additional fuel to the fire at piper. For instance, an action as simple as misplacing a permittowork certificate was just one of the root causes of the piper alpha incident in the north sea. In a managed organisation it is still necessary to check and control externally. The piper alpha disaster which killed 167 workers on 6 july 1988 off the coast of aberdeen is the worldsdeadliest ever oil rig accident. The headlines kept coming, as did the funerals and memorial services. In 1976 the platform began producing oil then was later converted to add gas production to its capabilities. Summary the investigation into the piper alpha disaster has much to teach us thirty years on. For similar platforms and for a welldefined class of accidents, however, this study is the. Constructed for oil collection by mcdermott engineering and operated by occidental group, piper alpha was located 120 miles northeast of aberdeen, scotland.
In fact, a number of offshore incidents in australia since. While this 5 summary has been condensed and paraphrased, it is believed to been consistent with the. May 06, 20 piper alpha that killed 167 workers in the worlds deadliest offshore oil industry disaster. Today is the 29th anniversary 6 th july 1988 of when occidentals piper alpha rig in the north sea caught fire and was completely destroyed in a series of huge gas explosions, with the loss of 165 lives among the rigs crew and 2 of the rescue crew. In 1978 piper alpha was modified to process and export the natural gas to comply with uk gas conservation requirements 5 6. Beta this is a new way of showing guidance your feedback will help us improve it. The vast inferno created by simultaneous eruptions from ruptured gas and. The rig produced oil, gas and condensate primarily propane and was linked to two other drilling platforms via large undersea pipelines. Piper alpha was an oil production platform in the north sea approximately 120 miles 190 km northeast of aberdeen, scotland, that was operated by occidental petroleum caledonia limited. Professionalismpiper alpha oil rig disaster wikibooks. Witness some of the harrowing stories of the 1988 explosion at piper alpha.
In the following sections we will examine the causes of the piper alpha oil rig explosion and the subsequent inquiry into the incident that claimed 167 crew members lives. Piper alpha survivors recall disaster 25 years on business. As shifts changed and the night crew aboard piper alpha assumed duties for the evening, one of the platforms two condensate pumps failed. Since drilling began in the north sea in the 1970s there have been 300 deaths on britains 123 oil installations, often in accidents caused by bad weather. Jul 05, 20 the 1988 piper alpha tragedy claimed 167 lives after a gas leak caused the oil production platform to explode in a massive ball of flames. The death toll included two crewmen of a rescue vessel. Speaking at the conference, he said management had failed to accept. The 1988 piper alpha tragedy claimed 167 lives after a gas leak caused the oil production platform to explode in a massive ball of flames.1585 1270 1413 254 305 1610 1544 881 1611 278 433 1224 1182 1660 978 405 559 1195 681 1375 718 516 601 526 1199 1442 1239 860 1351 1284